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1994年1月全国大学英语六级考试听力附试题和答案

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听力原文

Part I                Listening Comprehension         (20 minutes)
Section A
1.  (A) Once a week.        (C) Three times a week.
(B) Twice a week.        (D) Four times a week.
2.  (A) He left his notes at home.
(A) He doesn't know where his notes are.
(B) He doesn't want to lend his notes to the woman.
(C) He agrees to lend her his notes.
3.  (A) He will go in spite of the cold weather.   (C) He will go when he feels better.
(B) He won't go since he is not feeling well.    (D) He won't go as he hasn't finished his work.
4.  (A) Check the timetable.       (C) Travel on a later train.
    (B) Go to the railway station earlier.    (D) Cancel the trip earlier.
5.  (A) In New York.         (C) In Newport.
(B) In Boston.         (D) In Washington.
6.   (A) A clerk at the airport information desk.    (C) A policeman.
(B) A clerk at the railway station information desk. (D) A taxi-driver.
7.  (A) A guest and a receptionist.      (C) A customer and a shop assistant.
    (B) A passenger and an air hostess.         (D) A guest and a waitress.
8.  (A) He's better.          (C) He's sick in bed.
(B) He's feeling worse.       (D) He has recovered.
9. (A) The man didn't want the woman to have her hair cut.
(B) The woman followed the man's advice.
(C) The woman is wearing long hair now.
(D) The man didn't care if the woman had her hair cut or not.
10. (A) He will return from Paris in two weeks.
(A) He is studying French in Paris.
(B) He is having a vacation in Paris.
(C) He is planning to go back to Paris in a year.
Section B
Passage One
Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. (A) Washing plates.        (C) Shining shoes.
   (B) Clearing tables.        (D) sweeping the floor.
12. (A) He must work six days a week.     (C) He must study hard in his spare time. 
   (B) He should never be late for work.       (D) He should not bring his friends to the restaurant.
13. (A) To pay him for his work.       (C) To give his friends free drinks.
   (B) To let him have 3 meals a day in the restaurant.  (D) To allow him to have more free time.
12. (A) Because the boy was not a full-time worker.
(B) Because the boy had made some mistakes.
(C) Because he thought the boy had failed to meet his requirements.
(D) Because he thought it was his son who should pay him.
Passage Two
Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
15. (A) Watching traditional plays.     (C) Boating on the river.
   (B) Visiting the magnificent libraries.   (D) Cycling in narrow streets.
16. (A) There are many visitors there.    (C) There are many old streets there.
   (B) There are many students there.    (D) There are many bicycles there.
17. (A) He thinks the city is too crowded.    (C) He thinks the streets are too narrow.
   (B) He likes the place very much.      (D) He admires the comfortable life of the students there.
Passage Three
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18. (A) He was good at writing about interesting people.
   (B) It was much easier to write stories about people.
   (C) He believed that people are always easier to learn about other people.
   (D) He thought people played an important role in world events.
19. (A) Action.        (C) Enterprise.
   (B) World News.       (D) Faces and places.
20. (A) He is a sportsman.      (C) He is a photographer.
   (B) He is an actor.       (D) He is a publisher.

Part II              Reading Comprehension             (35 minutes)
Passage One
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
   Suppose we built a robot (机器人) to explore the planet Mars. We provide the robot with seeing detectors to keep it away from danger. It is powered entirely by the sun. Should we program the robot to be equally active at all times? No. The robot would be using up energy at a time when it was not receiving any. So we would probably program it to cease its activity at night and to wake up at dawn the next morning.
   According to the evolutionary (进化的) theory of sleep, evolution equipped us with a regular pattern of sleeping and waking for the same reason. The theory does not deny (否认) that sleep provides some important restorative functions. It merely says that evolution has programmed us to perform those functions at a time when activity would be inefficient and possibly dangerous. However, sleep protects us only from the sort of trouble we might walk into; it does not protect us from trouble that comes looking for us. So we sleep well when we are in familiar, safe place, but we sleep lightly, if at all, when we fear that bears will nose into the tent.
   The evolutionary theory accounts well for differences in sleep among creatures. Why do cats, for instance, sleep so much, while horses sleep so little? Surely cats do not need five times as much repair and restoration as horses do. But cats can afford to have long periods of inactivity because they spend little time eating and are unlikely to be attacked while they sleep. Horses must spend almost all their waking hours eating, because what they eat is very low in energy value. Moreover, they cannot afford to sleep too long or too deeply, because their survival depends on their ability to run away from attackers.
21. The author uses the example of the robot in space exploration to tell us ______.
(A) the differences between robots and men   (C) about the need for robots to save power
(B) the reason why men need to sleep    (D) about the danger of men working at night
22. Evolution has programmed man to sleep at night chiefly to help him ______.
(A) maintain a regular pattern of life    (C) avoid danger and inefficient labor
(B) prevent trouble that comes looking for him  (D) restore his bodily functions
23.According to the author, we cannot sleep well when we _____.
(A) are worrying about our safety     (C) are in a tent
(B) are overworked        (D) are away from home
24.Cats sleep much more than horses do partly because cats _____.
(A) need more time for restoration
(B) are unlikely to be attackers
(C) are more active than horses when they are awake
(D) spend less time eating to get enough energy
25.Which of the following is the main idea of the passage? ______.
(A) Evolution has equipped all creatures with a regular pattern of sleeping and waking.
(B) The study of sleep is an important part of the evolutionary theory.
(C) Sleeping patterns must be taken into consideration in the designing of robots.
(D) The sleeping pattern of a living creature is determined by the food it eats.
Passage Two
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
   " Congratulations, Mr. Jones, it's a girl."
   Fatherhood is going to have a different meaning and bring forth a different response from every man who hears these words. Some feel pride when they receive the news, while others worry, wondering whether they will be good father. Although there are some men who like children and may have had considerable experience with them, others do not particularly care for children and spend little time with them. Many fathers and mothers have been planning and looking forward to children for some time. For other couples, pregnancy (怀孕) was an accident that both husband and wife have accepted willingly or unwillingly.
   Whatever the reaction to the birth of a child, it is obvious that the shift from the role of husband to that of father is a difficult task. Yet, unfortunately, few attempts have been made to educate fathers in this resocialization process. Although numerous books have been written about American mothers, only recently has literature focused on the role of a father.
   It is argued by some writers that the transition to the father's role, although difficult, is not nearly as great as the transition the wife must make to the mother's role. The mother's role seems to require a complete transformation in daily routine (生活规律) and highly innovative (创新的) adaptation, on the other hand, the father's role is less demanding and immediate. However, even though we mentioned the fact that growing numbers of women are working outside the home, the father is still thought by many as the breadwinner in the household.
26. According to the author, being a father _____.
(A) brings a feeling of excitement to some men
(B) has a different meaning for those who have daughters
(C) makes some men feel proud and others uneasy
(D) means nothing but more responsibilities
27. It is stated in the passage that _____.
(A) some parents are not prepared to have a child
(B) young couples do not like children at all
(C) working couples do not have much time to take care of their children
(D) many parents look forward to having a boy as their first child
28. In the second paragraph, the author ______.
(A) criticizes fathers for not taking enough responsibilities in bringing up their children
(B) excuses the American writers for ignoring the difficulties of being a father
(C) supports the idea that the chief role of a father is to earn money for the family
(D) complains about the lack of social programs to help husbands adjust themselves to being a father
29. The transition to the mother's role requires that the wife ______.
(A) change her life style in a highly innovative way
(B) make a complete change in her everyday life to deal with the new situation
(C) stay at home to take care of the baby
(D) help her husband in his resocialization process
30. Some writers argue that with respect to the change of roles, fathers, compared with mothers, _____.
(A) have to shoulder more burdens    (C) have an easier job to do
(B) have to make more difficult adaptations  (D) can usually do a better job
Passage Three
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
   Reading is thought to be a kind of conversation between the reader and the text. The reader puts questions, as it were, to the text and gets answers. In the light of these he puts further questions, and so on.
   For most of the time this "conversation" goes on below the level of consciousness. At times, however, we become aware of it. This is usually when we are running into difficulties, when mismatch is occurring between expectations and meaning. When successful matching is being experienced, our questioning of the text continues at the unconscious level.
   Different people converse with the text differently. Some stay very close to the words on the page; others take off imaginatively from the words, interpreting, criticizing, analyzing and examining. The former represents a kind of comprehension which is written in the text. The latter represents higher levels of comprehension. The balance between these is important, especially for advanced readers.
    There is another conversation which from our point of view is equally important, and that is to do not with what is read but with how it is read. We call this a "process" conversation as opposed to a "content" conversation. It is concerned not with meaning but with the strategies (策略) we employ in reading. If we are an advanced reader our ability to hold a process conversation with a text is usually pretty well developed. Not so our ability to hold a content conversation. It is precisely this kind of conversation that is of importance when we are seeking to develop our reading to meet the new demands being placed upon us by studying at a higher level.
31. Reading as a kind of conversation between the reader and the text becomes conscious only when _____.
(A) the reader's expectations agree with what is said in the text
(B) the reader has trouble understanding what the author says
(C) the reader asks questions and gets answers
(D) the reader understands a text very well
32. At a lower level of comprehension, readers tend to _____.
(A) read a text slowly     (C) interpret a text in their own way
(B) read without thinking hard    (D) concentrate on the meaning of words only
33. A "process" conversation has to do with ______.
(A) the application of reading strategies
(B) matching our expectations with the meaning of a text
(C) the development of our ability to check the details
(D) determining the main idea of a text
34. According to the passage, it is of great importance for readers at a higher level to maintain a balance between ______.
(A) conscious and unconscious levels of comprehension
(B) the reader's expectations and the meaning of a text
(C) lower and higher levels of comprehension
(D) interpreting and criticizing a text
35. If we want to develop our reading ability at an advanced level, we should ______.
(A) learn to use different approaches in reading different texts
(B) make our reading process more conscious
(C) pay more attention to the content of a text
(D) take a critical attitude towards the author's idea
Passage Four
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
  Although April did not bring us the rains we all hoped for, and although the Central Valley doesn't generally experience the atmospheric sound and lightning that can accompany those rains, it's still important for parents to be able to answer the youthful questions about thunder and lightning.
  The reason these two wonders of nature are so difficult for many adults to explain to children is that they are not very well understood by adults themselves. For example, did you know that the lightning we see flashing down to the earth from a cloud is actually flashing up to a cloud from the earth? Our eyes trick us into thinking we see a downward motion when it's actually the other way around. But then, if we believed only what we think we see, we'd still insist that the sun rises in the morning and sets at night.
  Most lightning flashes take place inside a cloud, and only a relative few can be seen jumping between two cloud or between earth and a cloud. But, with about 2,000 thunderstorms taking place above the earth every minute of the day and night, there's enough activity to produce about 100 lightning strikes on earth every second.
  Parents can use thunder and lightning to help their children learn more about the world around them. When children understand that the light of the lightning flashing reaches their eyes almost at the same moment, but the sound of the thunder takes about 5 seconds to travel just one mile, they can begin to time the interval between the flash and the crash to learn how close they were to the actual spark.
36. According to the author, in the area of the Central Valley, ______.
(A) rains usually come without thunder and lightning
(B) it is usually dry in April
(C) children pay no attention to natural phenomena
(D) parents are not interested in thunder and lightning
37. We believe that lightning is a downward notion because ______.
(A) we were taught so by our parents from our childhood
(B) we are deceived by our sense of vision
(C) it is a common natural phenomenon
(D) it is a truth proved by science
38. What is TRUE about lightning according to the passage?
(A) Only a small number of lightning flashes occur on earth.
(B) Lightning travels 5 minutes faster than thunder.
(C) Lightning flashes usually jump from one cloud to another.
(D) There are far more lightning strikes occurring on earth than we imagine.
39. The word "activity" (Para. 3, Line 3) is most closely related to the word(s) _____.
(A) "cloud"       (C) "lightning flashes"
(B) "lightning strikes"     (D) "thunderstorms"
40. It can be concluded from the passage that ______.
(A) we should not believe what we see or hear
(B) things moving downward are more noticeable
(C) people often have wrong concepts about ordinary phenomena
(D) adults are not as good as children in observing certain natural phenomena
Part III            Vocabulary and Structure         (20 minutes)
41. Before he left for his vacation he went to the bank to _____ some money.
(A) pull   (B) pick   (C) gain   (D) draw
42. By the end of the year all but two people ______.
(A) have left  (B) will leave  (C) will be leaving (D) will have left
43. Frankfurt, Germany, is in one of the most _____ populated regions of Western Europe.
(A) densely  (B) vastly   (C) enormously (D) largely
44. Everyone had an application from in his hand, but no one knew which office room _____.
(A) to send it to (B) to send it  (C) to be sent to (D) to have it sent
45. The police set a _____ to catch the thieves.
(A) plan    (B) device   (C) trap    (D) trick
46. We _____ to start our own business, but we never had enough money.
(A) have hoped   (B) hope    (C) had hoped   (D) should hope
47. We have to try every means to _____ the costs of the construction project.
(A) bring off   (B) bring forth   (C) bring down  (D) bring back
48. The students were participating _____ an international energy-saving competition between towns in New England and Canada.
(A) for    (B) in    (C) to    (D) at
49. When she was criticized, she claimed that it was outside her _____ of responsibility.
(A) field    (B) limit    (C) extent    (D) range
50. While _____ the sun, the satellite has sent more than four billion bits of information back to earth.
(A) having orbited  (B) being orbited  (C) having been orbited (D) orbiting
51. Language is a city, to the building of _____ every human being brought a stone.
(A) which    (B) that    (C) it    (D) this
52. _____ of the two books holds the opinion that the danger of nuclear war is increasing.
(A) None    (B) Either    (C) Both    (D) Neither
53. Government cannot operate effectively _____ it is free from such interference.
(A) so long as   (B) so that   (C) unless   (D) because
54. We welcome rain, but a (an) _____ large amount of rainfall will cause floods.
(A) extensively   (B) extremely   (C) specially   (D) constantly
55. Beethoven is my favorite musician. I regard him as _____ other musicians.
(A) superior to   (B) more superior than (C) more superior to (D) superior than
56. I hope that you'll be more careful in typing the letter. Don't _____ anything.
(A) withdraw   (B) omit    (C) reduce   (D) lead
57. We don't need air conditioning, _____.
(A) nor can we afford it    (C) neither can afford it
(B) and nor we can afford it   (D) and we can neither afford it
58. She is a very _____ secretary: she never forgets anything or makes a mistake.
(A) anxious   (B) effective   (C) adequate   (D) efficient
59. The Browns ______ here, but not any more.
(A) were used to living (B) had lived    (C) used to live  (D) had been living
60. I'll accept any job _____ I don't have to get up early.
(A) lest    (B) as long as   (C) in case   (D) though
61. Once out of the earth's gravity, the astronauts is _____ by the problem of weightlessness.
(A) affected   (B) effected   (C) inclined   (D) related
62. Medical research has shown that the widespread of use of cigarettes contributes _____ the increase of cancers.
(A) towards   (B) for     (C) with    (D) to
63. Could you find someone _____.
(A) for me to play tennis with   (C) play tennis with
(B) for me to play tennis    (D) playing tennis with
64. The computer has brought about surprising technological changes ______ we organize and produce information.
(A) in a way   (B) in the way   (C) in that way   (D) in no way
65. The manager of the hotel requests that their guests _____ after 11:00 p.m.
(A) not to play loud music   (C) don't play loud music
(B) shouldn't play loud music   (D) couldn't play loud music
66. He is late again today. I'll _____ that he will not be late tomorrow.
(A) be sure   (B) hope for   (C) felt     (D) to be felt
67. In Australia the Asians make their influence ______ in businesses large and small.
(A) feeling   (B) feel    (C) felt    (D) to be felt
68. This popular sports car is now being _____ at the rate of a thousand a week.
(A) turned down  (B) turned out   (C) turned up   (D) turned on
69. In Britain people drive _____ the left.
(A) at    (B) on    (C) to    (D) in
70. This programme will examine the writer's books in detail, _____ an introduction to her life.
(A) following   (B) having followed  (C) being followed  (D) to be followed
Part IV             Cloze            (15 minutes)
   As the place circled over the airport, everyone sensed that something was wrong. The plane was moving unsteadily through the air, and  71  the passengers had fastened their seat belts, they were suddenly  72  forward. At that moment, the air-hostess  73  . She looked very pale, but was quite  74  . Speaking quickly but almost in a whisper, she  75   everyone that the pilot had  76   and asked if any of the passengers knew anything about machines-- or at   
77 how to drive a car. After a moment's  78  , a man got up and followed the hostess into the pilot's cabin.
  Moving the pilot  79  , the man took his seat and listened carefully to the  80   instructions that were being sent by radio from the airport  81  . The plane was now dangerously close  82  the ground, but to everyone's  83  , it soon began to climb. The man had to  84   the airport several times in order to become  85  with the controls of the plane.  86  the danger had not yet passed. The terrible  87  came when he had to land. Following  88 , the man guided the plane to ward the airfield. It shook violently  89   it touched the ground and then moved rapidly  90  the runway and after a long run it stopped safely.
71. (A) although   (B) while    (C) therefore    (D) then
72. (A) shifted   (B) thrown   (C) put     (D) moved
73. (A) showed   (B) presented   (C) exposed    (D) appeared
74. (A) well    (B) still    (C) calm     (D) quiet
75. (A) inquired   (B) insured   (C) informed    (D) instructed
76. (A) fallen    (B) failed    (C) faded     (D) fainted
77. (A) best    (B) least    (C) length    (D) first
78. (A) hesitation   (B) surprise   (C) doubt     (D) delay
79. (A) back    (B) aside    (C) about     (D) off
80. (A) patient   (B) anxious   (C) urgent    (D) nervous
81. (A) beneath   (B) under    (C) down     (D) below
82. (A) to    (B) by    (C) near     (D) on
83. (A) horror   (B) trust    (C) pleasure    (D) relief
84. (A) surround   (B) circle    (C) observe    (D) view
85. (A) intimate   (B) familiar   (C) understood   (D) close
86. (A) Then    (B) Therefore   (C) But     (D) Moreover
87. (A) moment   (B) movement   (C) idea     (D) affair
88. (A) impression   (B) information  (C) inspections  (D) instructions
89. (A) as    (B) unless   (C) while     (D) so
90. (A) around   (B) over    (C) along     (D) above
Part V            Writing             (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The World Is Getting Smaller and Smaller. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
1. 现代的交通工具越来越发达
2. 人与人之间的交往越来越频繁
3. 结论

94.1
Part I     1—20题
1. C  2. D  3. B  4. C  5. D  6. A  7. B  8. A  9. A  10. B
11. C 12. B 13. A 14. D 15. C 16. D 17. B 18. C 19. A 20. D

Part II ——Part IV   21——90题
21. B 22. C 23. A 24. D 25. A 26. C 27. A 28. A 29. B 30. C
31. B 32. D 33. A 34. C 35. A 36. A 37. B 38. D 39. D 40. C
41. D 42. D 43. A 44. A 45. C 46. C 47. C 48. B 49. D 50. D
51. A 52. D 53. C 54. B 55. A 56. B 57. A 58. D 59. C 60. B
61. A 62. D 63. A 64. B 65. B 66. B 67. C 68. B 69. B 70. A
71. A 72. B 73. B 74. C 75. C 76. D 77. B 78. A 79. B 80. C
81. D 82. A 83. D 84. B 85. B 86. C 87. A 88. D 89. A 90. C

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