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新概念英语第二册41-02

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Lesson 35
Stop thief!
捉贼!

【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

★while n. 一段时间
some time
wait for a while:等一会儿
隔了一会儿:after a while

★regret v. 后悔
regret sth.
You will regret it. 你会为此而后悔的
regret to do:很遗憾要去做
regret doing:很遗憾已经做
I regret to tell you a bad news.
I regret telling him the news.
I regret to steal your money.
regret that
遗憾:pity,sorry,regret
pity n. It's a pity.
sorry adj. I am sorry....
regret v.

★far adv. 非常
比较级前面可以加修饰词,表示程度
多一点点用a little; 多很多用much
far=much,修饰形容词或副词的比较级

★rush v. 冲
rush:(用腿)冲
run:跑(速度很快)

★act v. 行动
take action:采取行动

★straight adv. 径直
go straight on :笔直往前走

★fright n. 害怕
frighten v. 惊吓
frightening:令人感到可怕的
frightened: 自己感到可怕的
frightful=terrible
Handwriting is frightful.
Cold is frightful.
一个动词能够加ing/ed,证明这个动词跟人的情绪有关系,它的宾语就会是人
This doesn't worry me.
You frighten me.
get a fright:得到惊吓的感觉
get a surprise
I get a fright.
You give me a fright.
give sb.sth. give,给人带来感觉
give me a pleasure/an excitement/a fright

★battered adj. 撞坏的
batter v.
动词+ed:被。。。
battered:lose one's shape, 被撞变形的
damaged:被刮坏了
destroyed car:车子坏了不能修
damaged car:车子坏了能修
battered car:车变形
battered bag:破旧不堪的包

★shortly adv. 很快,不久
shortly afterwards:不久以后
shorty=soon

★afterwards adv. 以后
afterwards=later:以后,后来
不久以后:soon

First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
How did Roy stop the thieves?

Roy Trenton used to drive a taxi. A short while ago, however, he became a bus driver and he has not regretted it. He is finding his new work far more exciting. When he was driving along Catford Street recently, he saw two thieves rush out of a shop and run towards a waiting car. One of them was carrying a bag full of money. Roy acted quickly and drove the bus straight at the thieves. The one with the money got such a fright that he dropped the bag. As the thieves were trying to get away in their car, Roy drove his bus into the back of it. While the battered car was moving away, Roy stopped his bus and telephoned the police. The thieves' car was badly damaged and easy to recognize. Shortly afterwards, the police stopped the car and both men were arrested.


参考译文

罗伊.特雷顿原是开出租汽车的,然而就在前不久,他开上了公共汽车,也并不为此而感到后悔。他发觉自己的新工作令人兴奋得多。最近,当他正开车在凯特福德街上行驶时,看到有两个小偷从一家商店里冲出来,奔向等在那里的一辆汽车,其中一个提着一只装满钞票的提包。罗伊行动迅速,开车直冲窃贼而去。拿钱的那个小偷吓得把提包都扔了。当那两个小偷企图乘车逃跑时,罗伊驾驶他的公共汽车撞在了那辆车的后尾上。当那辆被撞坏的车开走后,罗伊停下车,给警察挂了电话。小偷的车损坏严重,很容易辨认。没过多久,警察就截住了那辆车,两个小偷都被抓住了。

【课文讲解】

He used to drive a taxi,but now he doesn't have drive a taxi any more.
a short while ago=a short time ago, 不久以前

however
1.可以放在句首,可以放在句中
2.如果一个词两边有逗号,证明这个词是插入语

You will regret it.
find,可以用一般现在时态,可以用进行时态
He is finding his trip very exciting.

far more exciting

along: 沿着

a waiting car:正在等候的车子
see sb.do sth. :看见某人做某事(强调全过程)
see sb.dong sth.:看见某人正在做某事
I see them dance.
I see them danceing. 局部

hear sb.doing/hear sb.do
如果全过程用do,如果是过程当中的一瞬间用doing

full of:装满
I have a cup full of tea.
at:强调瞄准的概念

with 短语一旦出现在名词或代词之后就做定语,出现在动词之后做状语
He came in with a book.
The boy with a book came in.
get a fright:吓了一跳
such...that.../so...that... 如此以致于
so+形容词(副词)+that.../such+(形容词或修饰词)+名词+that。。。

drop/fall:掉
sb.drop sth, drop vt.由于不当心抓什么没有抓住掉下去
fall vi.sth. fall 从上往下落
The chalk is falling./I drop the chalk.

as=when, 当。。。时候
get away=run away,逃跑
by car/in the car
drive into:撞
stopped his car/the car stopped
damaged:毁坏

用不定式放在形容词后面,主动表被动含义
too...to.../enough...to...
stop:拦住车子
both men=tow persons

stop the car
1.the driver stopped the car
2.其他人 stopped the car:拦车
stop thief:捉贼
捉,抓住:catch

【Comprehension】

1...a....
perfer...to...:更喜欢这个东西(和后面的东西相比)。宁可也不
be sorry:遗憾
prefer+名词:更喜欢
I prefer tea to water.
prefer+名词+to(prep.)+名词
I prefer drinking tea to drinking water.
prefer to(不定式的标志)+动词原型:更喜欢
rather than : 不喜欢
He prefers to drive a bus rather than drive a taxi.
I prefer to have an apple rather than have an orange.

3...a...
used to(不定式的标志):过去做现在不做
used to do(prep):过去常常做现在不做了
be used to doing sth:习惯于
I am(not) used to getting up early.
be used to do:被用来
The knife is used to cut the paper.
The boy is used to swimming in the river.
The boy used to swim in the river.

4...d...
see sb doing:看见某人正在做某事
see sb do:看见某人做某事
hear: 听见
notice(watch)sb doing

7......
too...to... 太。。。以致于不能。。。
enough...to...足以用来做某事

8......
be sorry about:为什么感到遗憾(抱歉)
be pleased with:对什么感到满意
laugh at:嘲笑
laugh about:为什么原因而笑

11...d...
drop vt. 抓什么而没有抓住
sb drop sth
fall:什么东西往下落 vi.
sth fall
let sb do:让某人做某事
let:听之任之
make sb do,含有强迫的概念
let sb do,含有听之任之的概念
My father makes me play football.
My father lets me play football.

so/such,It's easy to recognize.
The apple is sweet enough to eat.
如果一个不定式的前面是一个形容词,如果主句的结局是系表结构+to,不定式当中常常用主动表被动
在不定式的表达方式当中,动词的宾语如果刚好是这句话的主语,这个宾语一定不能出现
The apple is too sour to eat.
to answer the question
The question is easy enough to answer.
easy to recognize
在不定式当中,也许有可能用主动表达被动含义,及物动词后面一般加宾语(这个宾语就是这句话的主语就不加)
The clothes are comfortable to wear.

so/such:如此
so/such...that...如此以致于
so+形容词或副词
such+(a/an或形容词)名词
如果有名词用such,如果没有名词用so
如果名词是可数名词单数,才会在名词前面出现a/an,发过来如果是可数名词单数,前面一定要加a/an

1...so...
2...such a...
4...such...
5...so...
6...such a...
7...such an...
8。。such a。。。
3....
such mistakes
如果形容词是表达数量的(many/much/few/little),一律用so
There is so little time left that we must hurry.
There is such a little bird that I can't see it.
He is so lazy a boy./He is such a lazy boy.
如果有几个以上的形容词共同修饰一个名词的时候,冠词放在第一位
such+冠词+形容词+名词/so+形容词+冠词+名词
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