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新概念英语第三册01-01

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Lesson 1 A puma at large 逃遁的美洲狮

【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
◆puma n. 美洲狮
◆spot v. 看出,发现
◆evidence n. 证据
◆accumulate v. 积累,积聚
◆oblige v. 使…感到必须
◆hunt n. 追猎;寻找
◆blackberry n. 黑莓
◆human being 人类
◆corner v. 使走投无路,使陷入困境
◆trail n. 一串,一系列
◆print n. 印痕
◆cling (clung, clung ) v. 粘
◆convince v.使…信服
◆somehow adv. 不知怎么搞地,不知什么原因
◆disturb v. 令人不安

学习词汇时仅知道汉语语义是不够的,要把单词放在语句中体会其应用
学习关键句型结构时则要把它放在段落结构或文章里

★spot v. 看出,发现
pick out / see / recognize / catch sight of
eg: A tall man is easy to spot in the crowd.
He has good eye for spotting mistakes. 他有敏锐的识别错误的能力。
spot(做动词时候) = see:强调结果、辨别出、看见、识别、发现。
find 强调发现的结果。
find out 查出事实真相。
discover 做出重大发现
notice 注意到
observe 观察
watch 观察活动中的人或画面
spot n. 斑点
eg: There is a white spot on the shirt.
on the spot
1,立刻,马上(at once, immediately )
Anyone breaking the rules will be asked to leave on the spot.
2,at the place of the action 在现场
Wherever she is needed , she is quickly on the spot.

★evidence [u]n. 证据
When the police arrived, he had already destroyed the evidence.
evidence=proof
in evidence:显而易见的.
He was in evidence at the party.
evidently adv.
evident adj.

★accumulate vt,vi. 积累,积聚
accumulate 强调积累的过程
As the evidence accumulates, experts from the zoo felt obliged to investigate.
gather vt. 聚集,把某人召集在某处
collect 收集,采集
assemble 集合,集会, vt. 装配
hoard 大量地贮存
The squirrel hoards up nuts for the cold winter.
hoard up= store up
amass 积聚(主要用于诗歌和文学作品)

★oblige v. 使…感到必须
feel obliged to do sth.感觉有必要做某事
be obliged to do sth 被迫做某事

★hunt n. 追猎;寻找
L01-01 end 12’48”

L01-02 begin 13’15”
run after 强调追赶、追求.
seek 追寻(梦想,理想) = pursue
chase 追赶.
hunt for
search 搜寻某处为了寻找到某人或某物

★corner v. 使走投无路,使陷入困境
corner n. 角落
at the corner of the street
in the corner of the room
on the corner of the desk
be cornered ………被逼得走投无路
常用于被动语态:
The thief was cornered at last.
The problem cornered me.这个问题把我难例了。

★trail n. 一串,一系列
trail==follow vt. 跟踪
eg: The police trailed the criminal to the place where he was hiding.

★cling (clung, clung ) v. 粘
eg: She is always clinging to her mother.
He clung to the hope that he would succeed.(抱有,怀有)
stick 粘住 stick to 坚持 sticky adj. 粘的

★convince vt. 使…信服
convince sb. of sth 使sb相信sth
和宾语从句that 搭配使用
没有宾语的情况下要采用主系表结构:be convinced
sb be convicned sb相信

★somehow adv. 不知怎么搞地,不知什么原因
by some means, in some way, for some reason unknown
somewhat ==a little

★disturb v. 令人不安
disturbing adj. 令人不安的 disturbed 感到不安的
surprising 令人吃惊的 surprised 感到吃惊的
exciting 令人激动的 excited 感到激动的

【Text】
§ Lesson 1 A puma at large 逃遁的美洲狮
listen to the tape then answer the question below. 听录音, 然后回答以下问题.
Where must the puma have come from?

Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America. When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously. However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.
The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw 'a large cat' only five yards away from her. It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered. The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening. Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits. Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes. Several people complained of 'cat-like noises' at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree. The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from? As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape. The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.

【课文讲解】
at large
1:逃遁的,没有被控制的。
2:详细的(in detail)
3:总体来讲(as a whole)

在英文的表达方式中,首先呈现给读者的是结果。写议论文的时候要注意把握观点

L01-02 end 13’15”

L01-03 begin 13’09”
eg: Pandas are large cat-like animals which are found in Asia.
life-like 栩栩如生的
一般来讲定语从句和同位语从句紧随在被修饰名词后面,但为了保持句子平衡,也可以把谓语动词放到从句之前
定语从句只是对于被修饰词的补充说明、修饰。
同位语从句则是讲述被修饰名词的内容
定语从句的引导词:
指人:主语 who; 宾语 who/whom; 定语 whose
表达事物:that(也可指人)/ which
时间状语:when; 地点状语:where; 原因状语: why
同位语从句:名词做主语、宾语时,关系词用that 而不是which
时间 when; 地点 where
eg: An idea came to her that she might do the experiment in another way.
I have no idea what has happened to him.
定语从句中没有what 这个关系词,但它可以引导同位语从句
(An idea)…come to sb.某人突然想到了……

take sth. seriously==deal with sth. seriously 认真(严肃)对待某事
take sth. lightly: 草率对待某事

as 随着

过去分词做定语

声称曾经作过某事: claim to have done sth

I still remember the school where I studied English.

L01-03 end 13’09”

L01-04 begin 11’49”
confirm: be sure, be certain
search=hunt
把某物留在后面:leave behind
Wherever he went, the wound soldier left behind him a trail of blood.伤员所到之处,都留下道道血迹。
英文的表达方式重点在于突出客观事实,而中文则善于运用动作的执行者
complain of / about :抱怨

on + 名词:强调动作正在进行
on the rise:在上升
on the increase: 在增加
on the watch: 在观看
on the match:在比赛中
on the fishing trip:在钓鱼的途中
on holiday: 在度假

fully: completely, entirely

in the possession of sb==in sb's possession 归某人所有
in possession of sth. 拥有某物
take possession of 拥有
eg: The beautiful car is in my possession / in the possession of me.
I am in possession of the beautiful car.
The person in possession of the big house is excited.

It is disturbing to think that 一想到………就心里不安
eg: It is disturbing to think that I felt my examination.

熟读并背诵第一自然段

总结:
at large
take sth. seriously
cling to
leave behind
complain of
in the possession of / in possession of

feel obliged to investigate
a woman picking blackberries
a businessman on a fishing trip
go on several weeks
in the quiet countryside
[NoPage]

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